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Turkey, Sept 2006

A trip report from Turkey 2006. I accompanied Steve Lister on this marathon of a birding journey. Below is the report as compiled by Steve Lister (report) and John Jennings (photographs).

This was John’s first birding trip to Turkey but I had covered much of the same ground with Dave Gosney way back in August 1987. Our itinerary was based on my experience then, together with what we gleaned from the many trip reports on the internet.

John booked both our flights and the car hire on the internet. We flew from Birmingham to Antalya and returned from Dalaman: both flights were overnight with Thomas Cook and cost us £177 each. The car was booked through a small company called Almira and cost us about £260 including the extras: they gave us an air-conditioned Hyundai Accent.

Petrol was a little more expensive than in the UK at about £1 a litre, and we spent about £270 covering well in excess of 4000 kilometres. Twin rooms in small hotels cost between 30 and 45 Turkish lira a night, that’s about £10-15 shared between two. (The exchange rate was about 2.85 TL to the pound.) Hotels tend to be in town centres rather than along the main roads. Food was equally good value: we ate at small restaurants and had no problems at all with the food: kebabs and Turkish pizzas went down well, and we found salads safe. Lunches were usually bread and tomatoes and some fruit. We drank only bottled water, which was incredibly cheap at about 40p for 5 litres. Including a few beers and many large bottles of cola the trip cost us about £650 each.

We had no major problems. Once or twice we wished we could speak Turkish, and we met hardly anyone who spoke more than a few words of English. Mosquitoes were really bad in the Tarsus river area, and malaria is a possibility there and elsewhere in the south-east. It was a lot hotter than we expected it would be in September, with temperatures as high as 50C reported at Birecik. We were only stopped by the police/army twice: once was at a routine traffic checkpoint but the other was when we had been birding in sight of a military communications base near Isikli and someone had obviously alerted the authorities. Both times we had to show our passports and on the second occasion we had to hang around for a couple of minutes while the officers made phone calls.

The road system is infinitely better than it was in 1987. There is an excellent new system of toll motorways under construction, including as far east as Nizip, just short of Birecik. Slow trucks are a problem on slopes away from the motorways, particularly heading north from Pozanti. Driving in cities requires a good degree of assertiveness and some junctions were chaotic, none more so than when you want to turn left onto the main road out of Birecik town. The coast road from Antalya to Tasucu is not recommended as it is very winding, narrow and slow in many parts. The number of petrol stations was incredible, especially on main roads: the price of petrol varied quite dramatically, from 2.70 to 3.30 TL a litre.

The main general observation about the birding was that virtually all of the species which are summer visitors to southern Turkey seemed to have already departed. Maybe this was an unusual feature as a result of the very hot weather, or maybe mid-September is simply too late to expect to see them. Anyway, we did not see Striated Scops Owl, Blue-cheeked Bee-eater, Pale Rock Sparrow, White-throated Robin, Rufous Bush-chat, Red-tailed Wheatear, Olive-tree Warbler, Upcher’s Warbler, Bimaculated Lark, etc etc. Nevertheless, John managed 25 lifers: I got one.

We are grateful to Neil Donaghy and Steve Cale of Celtic Birdtours for information about the Iraq Babbler site at Birecik, and to Nigel Moorhouse, Soner Bekir and Ozgur Koc for general advice about birding in Turkey. And to the authors of the trip reports that we used: those by M. Grunwell are particularly good.

Diary and itinerary

Monday 11th September

We landed at Antalya in the early hours and had soon completed the formalities (£10 entry visa) and picked up our car. We immediately headed off east along the D400 intending to get to Tasucu by lunchtime. As it turned out the road was much slower than we anticipated and it was dusk by the time we arrived. We stopped for a quick sleep just before dawn west of Kahyalar, more or less our first birds being a Peregrine on a sea cliff and a calling Yellow-vented (or whatever) Bulbul. Several other stops followed, either when we saw any interesting birds or when I spotted a likely looking area to check out. The only stops worth mentioning were where a stream entered the sea at Kaledran (we made the mistake of driving down a newly tarred track here) and the River Sultansuyu at Anamur. These two sites both produced White-breasted Kingfishers, the only ones of the trip and a few other bits and pieces including our only Golden Orioles. We stopped for a late lunch in an area of limestone hills near Buyukeceli, seeing two Masked Shrikes.

Golden Oriole

When we got to Tasucu we first went to the Lades Motel but the owner, nice chap and birder-friendly as he is, wanted far too much for a two night stay and so instead we found a small hotel on the main road, the Hotel Konak, where a perfectly adequate twin room cost 35TL a night. Later we feasted on kebabs, chips, pitta bread and tomato salad for about £3 each.

Tuesday 12th September

We got up for dawn and didn’t bother with breakfast, heading out straightaway onto the Goksu Delta by turning off the main road immediately east of the paper factory fence. Once we had found our way through the complex of villas we were on a runway type road behind the beach and there were signs to birding spots looking out over the enormous reed-fringed Akgol. I was surprised how much development there has been, with three towers, several hides and new tracks having been created to aid birders working the area. Unfortunately there was a strong wind all morning and this made observations difficult. Nevertheless we had a great morning, the highlights being John’s first ever Pied Kingfisher, a flock of 33+ Isabelline Wheatears, a glimpse of an Eleonora’s Falcon, and super views of an adult Armenian Gull on the second-largest lake, Paradeniz Golu, which is readily accessible by a newly constructed rubble track across the marsh from the ‘runway’ to the fishing village.

After a break for a late lunch we returned to Paradeniz Golu and stayed there until dusk. Another excellent session, and the wind had dropped right off, allowing John to get properly started on his digiscoping. We hoped to see Black Francolin as we drove back, but no luck.

Overnight at Hotel Konak again.

Images from the 12th.

Isabelline Wheatear
Armenian Gull
Lesser Grey Shrike

Wednesday 13th September

We planned to spend the morning on the Goksu Delta again, especially as we had not visited the eastern part where most of the wader habitat is, but the wind was even stronger than yesterday morning. So instead we headed off east. Driving through Mersin, Tarsus and Adana at rush-hour was an experience that I was quite happy to leave to John (who actually did 95% of the driving) and we were glad to turn off the main road and head south to the Tuzla area. Some of the living conditions we saw came as an enormous culture shock to John. We stopped by a roadside field before the village where a plough was attracting 40 Collared Pratincoles and some confusing large white-headed gulls. We then spent a couple of hours peering through the heat haze at the birds on the eastern end of Tuzla Golu, finding two juvenile Knot but not immediately realising how scarce that species is in Turkey. Looking for (but not finding) a shady place for our alfresco lunch we drove alongside Tuzla Creek until my shout of ‘Stop, stop, stop’ brought us to a halt right next to a juvenile Little Crake pecking about out in the open. There were two others further along. Driving back through the outskirts of Adana we encountered a flock of at least 40 Laughing (Palm) Doves, with a few more to follow: oddly we saw hardly any others later in the trip.

Laughing Dove

We arrived in Birecik late afternoon, having taken the new toll motorway from Adana to east of Gaziantep: it presently ends near Nizip, leaving you with about 40km along the D400 to Birecik. We checked in at the motel and went straight to the tea-gardens area hoping to get the Striated Scops Owl under our belts. Back in 1987 there was one tea-garden, now there are loads. We were looking for the one with the blue fountain, but at least two had blue fountains! Anyway, some locals obviously knew what we were at and beckoned us to sit down for a drink while they went off scouting the trees. We never saw them again. Another guy took us across the road into an open park area with lots of large trees: he seemed to be the ‘expert’ but in the end he lost interest and went back to the café. By now it was dark and we were losing hope. We wandered round on our own until a chap made signs that if we kept going we might fall into the river: he took us into his café, which turned out to have a blue fountain. Was it the right blue fountain? At this point there was a power failure and John’s torch was needed for the very friendly proprietor to make us a coffee. Despite him and his staff not speaking any English we got the idea that the owls had already migrated. Vigorously rubbing your hands together seems to mean ‘finished’ but we did not pick this up until Ali did it a few days later. Oh well, that was one of my main targets ruled out.

Overnight at the Mirkelam Motel west of the bridge at Birecik. Best quality room we had, comparable to a good package holiday hotel. 45 TL a night for the room. Next door is an enormous café that serves good food, mainly to passengers of the long-distance coaches that use the Mirkelam complex as a break. There is also a restaurant but we never used it.

Slender-billed Gull

Thursday 14th September

A quick pre-dawn breakfast next door and then we drove the short distance north of the motel to the Birecik Gravel Pits area where Celtic Birdtours had found breeding Iraq Babblers in early June. Turkish birders had failed to locate them subsequently, so it was no great surprise but still a big disappointment when we drew a blank. Nevertheless we had a great morning. We found a levelled off area near the gravel piles that was partly flooded and was attracting a variety of passerines to drink and bathe: Dead Sea Sparrows, Desert Finches, wagtails including a Citrine, Ortolan and Black-headed Buntings, and a female Chestnut-shouldered Petronia (aka Yellow-throated Sparrow) all put in an appearance. The Petronia was a WP tick for me. The flooded gravel pits also had a few herons and so on, and near one of them was a group of 4 Spur-winged Plovers. Overhead we had a flock of Little Swifts and a superb male Levant Sparrowhawk, amongst others. Scrubby fields held a few flighty Menetrie’s Warblers. below are some images taken on 14/09/2006.

Spur-winged Plover
Black-winged Stilt
Citrine Wagtail

Desert Finch
Graceful Prinia

By mid-day it was very hot and we broke off for lunch. Afterwards we visited the Bald Ibis colony, all in a cage, north of town. We made the mistake of driving into the old part of Birecik looking for somewhere to buy water – whatever you do, don’t go off the main roads: it is a labyrinth of streets that get narrower and narrower. Anyway, we were expecting the man at the colony to be able to show us, or at least direct us to, the local Eagle Owls for a small fee. As it transpired he did not speak English, did not seem to understand ‘Bubo’, and was of no use to us: a pity as it was one of John’s main target species for the trip.

We drove north, hoping to get to the Halfeti barrage formed by damming the River Euphrates upstream of Birecik. We did not pass anywhere particularly inspiring for birding in the extreme heat and eventually got to a barrier across the road, which continued to a hydro-electric plant. We were politely turned back, and after an abortive attempt to reach the riverbanks a little farther south we decided to try our luck south of Birecik, where a trip report (M. Grunwell) had mentioned that the river broadened out due to another barrage near the Syrian border.

The road south from town, and east of the river, took us through a couple of small and very poor villages and then swung round to the right after about 7-8 km and climbed into some arid hills overlooking the river, which was indeed very wide and had a lot of emergent bushes. There were thousands of Coots but little else. And some of the locals were out in boats with rifles.

We headed back for a final hour or so at the drinking spot we had found this morning. Still plenty of activity there, plus a roost flight of Pygmy Cormorants that were probably heading down to where we had just been.

Overnight at Mirkelam Motel again.

Friday 15th September

I needed to start a course of Immodium tablets for a case of the 'Turkey Trots' this morning, probably a result of the heat more than anything that I ate. John was fine.

Anyway, we were ready to tackle the main Birecik wadi at day break, setting out along the valley bottom at 0620. The going is largely quite easy, just one or two rough bits. We saw very little: no sign of any Eagle Owls, and no Desert Larks. We did manage to see See-see Partridge though, eventually logging 19 but never getting good views of a male. A world-tick for me. They seemed to come down into the wadi from mid-morning as we saw none early on. We actually turned back by 0900 as it was already getting very hot. About 30 Rock Sparrows, 2 Menetries’s Warblers, a few Black-eared Wheatears and a nice semirufus Black Redstart were the other highlights of our walk.

A quick look at the river showed that the gravel islands that had been showing at dawn, but not at all yesterday, had disappeared again: the flow of the river seems at the whim of those operating the barrages. We did not see or hear any flocks of sandgrouse during our time at Birecik, so maybe they are no longer drinking locally.

Anyway, by now I was feeling distinctly unwell and opted for an afternoon back at the motel. John spent the rest of the day at the gravel pits area, gripping me off with the only (very surprisingly) Black Kites of the trip and a male Citrine Wagtail. I recovered enough to count the roost-flight of 75 Pygmy Cormorants from the bedroom window.

Overnight at Mirkelam Motel again.

Whilst I was on my own I managed a few photos. Here is a selection from the 15th Septemeber.

Green Sandpiper
Wood Sandpiper
Hooded Crow

Little Stint
Red-backed Shrike

Saturday 16th September

We started our journey back west bright and early, neither of us feeling like breakfast. Unfortunately we had gone for nearly 30 minutes when I remembered that John had put some clothes in the wardrobe when we first arrived at Birecik……

Anyway, we soon got to the Yesilice area near Gaziantep. As we turned off the D400 towards Isikli we noticed a passage of Honey Buzzards going south at mid-height: 67 in a few minutes but then no more. In fact we saw hardly any raptor passage during the trip. We missed the turn-off in Isikli on our first try, and then in the few minutes it took us to turn round and return a minibus had crashed into an electricity pole and brought live wires down over the road through the village. We went exploring, following the road through an un-named village and driving up onto an obvious hill with some aerials on the top. We parked up and did a walk along a track, finding both Rock Nuthatch and Eastern Rock Nuthatch. On setting off back towards Isikli we were soon waved down by a jeep load of ‘gendarma’ and questioned about what we were doing. After a couple of phone calls we were allowed to move on. We decided to head straight for Durnalik, turning off the approach track opposite the graveyard and parking by the spring, just in front of a big hole (less said the better!). Not much activity, but a few birds in the orchards and both species of rock nuthatch came to drink at the stream below the spring. Too hot to do much. Rather than look for a hotel in the uninspiring Gaziantep we decided to drive on to Tarsus, where we eventually found somewhere in the town centre.

Overnight small ‘Otel’ in Tarsus, 30 TL for twin room. Dinner in nearby restaurant watching Bolton vs Middlesbrough on the TV. The waiter was very pleased to see Anelka playing (sort of) as he used to play for a Turkish team.

Sunday 17th September

Eventually we found a road south off the D400 that took us down to the Tarsus delta. The road had a large green sign for Mediterranean Forest Research Centre (or something like that): you carry on past all the eucalyptus plantations (presumably the forestry?), through a sprawling village called Yesiltepe and another called Bahsis and eventually you come to a large parking area by a dilapidated footbridge over the river. On the way we had three separate female/juv Black Francolins on the road, a surprise even though it is supposed to be a common species in the area. We crossed over the bridge and found ourselves on an enormous sandy beach with a few fishermen. Offshore were a few terns and gulls, plus 2 Arctic Skuas, scarce locally. A mile or two west was a large flock of gulls, including many jet black Baltic Lesser Black-backs, on the beach, probably accessible from somewhere. Back over the bridge and John set himself up to (not) photograph the abundant bulbuls and I wandered off looking for migrants, finding our only Wryneck and Penduline Tits. Mosquitoes were terrible and completely unaffected by four year-old Jungle Formula.

We stopped to buy our bread and tomatoes in Yesiltepe and realised that there was a passage of raptors going east over the village. Two foreigners with scopes and tripods set up outside the village shop soon attracted a crowd. One lad even spoke English, the first person to do so since the Lades Motel. Just like the HBs yesterday the raptors stopped as soon as we got set up: 10 Lesser Spotted Eagles, 3 Short-toed Eagles, and 4 White Storks.

Back towards Tarsus town and the short stretch of motorway heading north to Pozanti, then we turned right towards Camardi. A roadside stop at Kamioli resulted in the owner of a nearby house bringing us first a big bowl of grapes and then some very pleasant caramel-coffee. And both Griffon and Egyptian Vultures.

We arrived at Ali Safak’s Oz Safak Pansiyon just outside Camardi by early evening. I had contacted Ali by email, having been guided by him in 1987, and we were booked in for three nights. The price was negotiable: Ali wanted 500 TL but we settled on 450 TL (about £155) for three nights’ accommodation, breakfasts and dinners plus the tractor ride tomorrow and Ali’s services as guide (mountain guide, not bird guide - Ali knows very little about birds). Ali was vague about the breakdown of the costs, but his charges are very expensive compared to all the other places we stayed, and his facilities and meals are not particularly good, though he is spending a lot making all the rooms en suite. See one of the Grunwell reports for an analysis of what Ali offers compared with the motel at Birecik.

Overnight Oz Safak Pension, Cucurbag. There is another pension, Safak Pansiyon, across the road, run by Ali’s brother Hassan: the two do not get on. Hassan offers the same services as Ali and tends to be the one used by larger commercial birding groups.

Here are a few shots of the amazing sunset as it hits the side of the mountain. All taken from from the balcony where we were staying.

Monday 18th September

We had a light breakfast at 0500 ready for the tractorman coming at 0530 to take us to the Demikarzik Chromium Mine, the best site for Caspian Snowcocks when there is no snow. In fact we drove about half way in the car and then transferred to the tractor when the track became too rough for the car. John and I sat on the wheel arches, with Ali on a wooden platform attached over the rear axle. Apparently five people can fit on one tractor - God knows how. It was difficult to stay on when on slopes or rough bits (most of it) and coming back down I swapped with Ali as my high centre of gravity made me slip forward all the time.

It was a Tractor exactly like this we went up the Mountain on. Note the red wheel arches. This is what we sat on for one of the most hair-raising, but exhillerating, experiences you could wish for.

Anyway, we got up to the end of the track soon after dawn, having flushed a Nightjar and seen a few Shorelarks on the way. We walked a few hundred metres and were then looking across a bare scree area to distant crags above the remnants of the abandoned mine. A Raddes's Accentor perched up briefly and then I spotted a distant Snowcock on top of a crag. After a while it flew down to the scree a bit closer and joined a second bird. We could hear them, or others, calling. A wonderful experience.

Below is Steve, the nearest, to the left is Ali (bending down). The other chap was one of Ali's helpers. This is situated about 10,000 feet up the Demirkazic mountains in an area known as the Chromium Mines which is a well know area for finding the elusive Caspian Snowcock.


Steve looking down from about 10,000 feet up. The next one is of me.

One of the areas where we were looking for the Caspian Snowcock.

We opted to walk the first part of the way down, seeing a few Water Pipits and our first Red-fronted Serins and Snowfinches, both feeding on thistle heads. Lower down, about halfway back to the village of Pinarbasi, we said goodbye to the tractor and walked back to the car. Two separate Finsch's Wheatears completed a memorable morning of high altitude birding.

Finsch's Wheatear

After lunch in a Camardi café we relaxed and rested our aching muscles at Ali’s until mid-afternoon. We then drove on the Alacadag road (new and surfaced for much of it) to look at various drinking spots that Ali knew of. As it turned out only the last one, some water troughs at the nomad camping area at the base of the mountains that I remembered from 1987, had any birds using it, and by then the light was going.

Overnight Oz Safak Pension.

Willow Warbler

Tuesday 19th September

Demikarzik Gorge looking in particular for Wallcreeper and Lammergeier. Did not see either but did find Blue Rock Thrush, Rock Nuthatch, Rock Bunting, Rock Dove,etc. Dropped Ali off (I think he had enough of birding by now) and spent the rest of the morning at the Alacadag road drinking spots but we were hindered by showers and strong gusts of wind.

Ali & I at the the start of the Demikarzik Gorge.

In the afternoon we drove back towards the chromium mine, through Pinarbasi and past the nomad camp and their ferocious dogs with their collars of four-inch nails to stop wolves grabbing them by the neck. Quite hot, it was hard work walking far uphill at the altitude and we stopped and set up our scopes to scan the crags and ridges for raptors. An adult Lammergeier, John’s number one target and only the third I had ever seen, appeared briefly very distantly and then came into view again much closer, giving us great views for several minutes. At one stage it was mobbed by a young Golden Eagle. A couple more Finsch's Wheatears on the way back.

Overnight Oz Safak Pension.

Wednesday 20th September

Having seen all we could hope for around Demikarzik we said goodbye to Ali and went on our way. We had three days to work our way back to Dalaman, planning the route as we went. We first headed for Ayranci Barraji, a site I knew from 1987. We got there just in time to see a few Black-bellied Sandgrouse coming to drink, yet another new bird for John. That was just about the only water we saw all day, as we searched in vain for any sign of the once vast Eregli marshes: all we found were dusty plains. Nearby was a freshly mown clover (?) field that had attracted hundreds of wagtails and smaller numbers of chats and pipits. We tried to find Hotamis marshes too, but where they were in the eighties is now drained and very much cultivated. We did find a flock of Calandra Larks, but no Bimaculated. We gave up looking for non-existent marshes late in the afternoon and drove quite a distance to Akseki. Heavy showers on the way.

Overnight Star Hotel, Akseki. 30 TL for a twin room. Excellent food in the restaurant next door, but only when an Armenian guy, possibly the owner, intervened after we had started to walk away. Spanish Kebabs, which we had never heard of.

Long-legged Buzzard

Thursday 21st September

Packed up and headed up the ‘Old Road’ at Akseki. The road is now badly potholed and crumbling but there is virtually no traffic and it goes through excellent forest. Kruper’s Nuthatch is common, outnumbered only by Coal Tits. We heard what were probably two White-backed Woodpeckers but never saw even a glimpse. The site described in the Gosney guide is no better than anywhere else along the road, but we did have a flock of Crossbills go over while there. We did not bother with the ‘new’ site nor the ‘walled garden’.

Next we headed to Burdur Golu, arriving early afternoon. From the southern edge of the town we could see large flocks of waterbirds all over the southern part of the lake. Most turned out to be Black-necked Grebes and Coots, and I counted at least 10,300 grebes. An observation tower is being built just south of the town on the east shore, and the lake is a Ramsar site mainly due to its winter flock of White-headed Ducks. Strangely, we could not find any. According to a local (the fourth Turk we found who spoke English) the water level of the lake is falling each year. We concentrated on the south-west part of the lake, trying to count as much as possible. We stayed until dusk but still managed a quick stop at the nearby Karatas Golu in failing light when we saw a flock of geese dropping in. They turned out to be 110 Ruddy Shelduck.

We then drove a very long way to Fethiye.

Overnight Flash Hotel, Fethiye. 40 TL for a twin room including Turkish breakfast. Ate at the hotel.

Friday 22nd September

We wasted almost the whole morning, firstly trying to find our way out of the awful Fethiye and then trying to find anywhere to either sea-watch or go birding south of Oludeniz. We failed on both counts, finding just odd Blue Rock Thrushes and Rock Nuthatches around a large rock fall. Eventually we found ourselves at Koycegiz Golu, not far from Dalaman, more in desperation than expectation. It actually was far better than we expected, providing some last minute additions to the trip-list such as Long-tailed Tit, Red-rumped Swallow, Grey Wagtail, Cormorant (473!) and Water Rail.

We had an excellent pizza dinner in a slightly touristy bit of Koycegiz before heading to the airport, dropping off the car (when we eventually found the very obscure Almira office nowhere near the airport), and settled down to wait for our 0330 flight. We both fell asleep and almost missed checking in.

Red-rumped Swallow

Systematic List of species observed

Unless qualified all records were seen by both of us. Counts were largely done by SML.

JRJ signifies seen only by J.R.Jennings

SML …………………….S.M.Lister

Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
1 Ayranci Barraji 20/9; 390 Burdur Golu 21/9; 110 Karatas Golu 21/9.

Eurasian Wigeon Anas Penelope
15 Akgol, Goksu Delta 12/9.

Eurasian Teal Anas crecca
7 Goksu Delta 12/9; 20 Tuzla Golu 13/9; 3 Ayranci Barraji 20/9; uncounted Karatas Golu 21/9.

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
40 Goksu Delta 12/9; 5 Euphrates south of Birecik 14/9; uncounted Burdur Golu 21/9.

Pintail Anas acuta
2 Akgol, Goksu Delta 12/9; 7 Burdur Golu 21/9.

Garganey Anas querquedula
1 Goksu Delta 12/9; 1 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; 2 Burdur Golu 21/9.

Shoveler Anas clypeata
8 Goksu Delta 12/9; 22 Burdur Golu 21/9; uncounted Karatas Golu 21/9.

Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
45 Akgol, Goksu Delta 12/9.

Common Pochard Aythya farina
1500 Burdur Golu 21/9.

Caspian Snowcock Tetraogallus caspicus
2 Demikarzik chromium mine 18/9.

Chukar Alectoris chukar
30 Demikarzik area 18/9; 14 Demikarzik gorge 19/9; heard Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

See-see Partridge Ammoperdix griseogularis
19 Birecik main wadi 15/9.

Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus
3 singles Tarsus Delta 17/9.

Quail Coturnix coturnix
1 flushed Goksu Delta 12/9.

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
6 Goksu Delta 12/9; 4 Tuzla Creek 13/9; 50 Euphrates south of Birecik 14/9; 50 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus
13 Goksu Delta 12/9; 1300 Burdur Golu 21/9.

Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis
1 Ayranci Barraji 20/9; 10,300 Burdur Golu 21/9.

Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
473 at a day roost in trees Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus
42 Birecik area 14/9; 75 Birecik 15/9 (SML).

White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus
1 Paradeniz Golu, Goksu Delta 12/9; 1 Ayranci Barraji 20/9.

Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutes
2 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9.

Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
112 in two flocks over Goksu Delta 12/9.

Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides
1 Akgol, Goksu Delta 12/9; 2 Tuzla Creek 13/9; 3 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; 2 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
5 near Tuzla 13/9.

Little Egret Egretta garzetta
10 Goksu Delta 12/9; 140 Tuzla Golu 13/9; 2 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; 20 Ayranci Barraji 20/9; 20 Burdur Golu 21/9; 8 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Great White Egret Egretta alba
5 Goksu Delta 12/9.

Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
3 over Anamur 11/9; 25 Goksu Delta 12/9; 50 Tuzla Golu 13/9; 4 Tarsus Delta 17/9; 10 Ayranci Barraji 20/9; 4 Burdur Golu 21/9; 1 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
8 Goksu Delta 12/9; 1 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; 1 Tarsus Delta 17/9; 2 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Black Stork Ciconia nigra
1 west of Ayranci 20/9.

White Stork Ciconia ciconia
43 Goksu Delta 12/9; 20 in transit east of Adana 13/9; 4 east over Yesiltepe 17/9.

Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
1 Sultansuyu River, Anamur 11/9; 16 over Goksu Delta 12/9; 1 Tuzla Golu 13/9.

(Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita)
Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia
30 Burdur Golu 21/9.

Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
155 Paradeniz Golu, Goksu Delta 12/9; 30 Tuzla Golu 13/9; 46 Burdur Golu 21/9.

Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus
4 over Silifke 13/9; 67 south over Isikli 16/9.

Black Kite Milvus migrans
2 Birecik Gravel Pits 15/9 (JRJ).

Lammergeier Gypaetus barbatus
1 Demikarzik chromium mine 19/9.

Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus
1 Kamioli 17/9.

Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus
2 Kamioli/Camardi 17/9.

Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus
3 east over Yesiltepe 17/9.

Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus
20 Goksu Delta 12/9; 1 Tuzla 13/9; 5 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; 1 Tarsus Delta 17/9; 1 Hotamis 20/9; 1 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus
1 juvenile Goksu Delta 12/9.

Montagu’s Harrier Circus pygargus
1 juvenile Goksu Delta 12/9; 1 Ayranci Barraji 20/9.

Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes
1 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; 3 Isikli/Durnalik 16/9.

Steppe Buzzard Buteo buteo vulpinus
3 Anamur 11/9; 1 Demikarzik 18/9; 1 Eregli 20/9.

Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus
1 Birecik 14/9 (SML); 1 north of Tarsus 17/9; 1 mobbing a Golden Eagle Cucurbag 18/9; 4 Ayranci Barraji 20/9; 4 Eregli/Hotamis area 20/9; 1 Burdur Golu 21/9.

Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina
10 east over Yesiltepe 17/9.

Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos
1 Kamioli 17/9; 4 Demikarzik/Cucurbag 18/9; 2 Demikarzik 19/9.

Osprey Pandion haliaetus
1 Goksu Delta 12/9; 1 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9.

Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
1 Goksu Delta 12/9; 1 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; 3 Birecik main wadi 15/9; 2 Tarsus Delta 17/9; 1 Demikarzik 18/9; 2 Demikarzik 19/9; 3 Ayranci Barraji/Eregli/Hotamis area 20/9; 1 Burdur Golu 21/9.

Hobby Falco subbuteo
1 Goksu Delta 12/9 (SML); 1 Demikarzik 18/9 (JRJ).

Eleonora’s Falcon Falco eleonorae
1 Goksu Delta 12/9.

Peregrine Falco peregrinus
1 Kahyalar 11/9; 1 east of Buyukeceli 11/9; 1 Goksu Delta 12/9.

Water Rail Rallus aquaticus
3 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Little Crake Porzana parva
3 Tuzla Creek 13/9. (An unidentified crake Euphrates south of Birecik 14/9.)

Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
1 Kaledran 11/9; 8 Tuzla Creek 13/9; hundreds Euphrates south of Birecik 14/9; 10 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; 10 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio caspius
1 Akgol, Goksu Delta 12/9.

Coot Fulica atra
Thousands Goksu Delta 12/9; thousands Euphrates south of Birecik 14/9; 10,000+ Burdur Golu 21/9; 300 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
5 Paradeniz Golu, Goksu Delta 12/9; 17 Tuzla Golu 13/9; 1 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9.

Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
33 Tuzla Golu 13/9.

Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola
40 near Tuzla 13/9.

Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
16 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; 1 Karatas Golu 21/9.

Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula
1 Goksu Delta 12/9; 5 Tuzla Golu 13/9; 2 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9.

Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
3 Goksu Delta 12/9; 30 Tuzla Golu 13/9.

Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
3 Goksu Delta 12/9; 4 Tuzla Golu 13/9.

Spur-winged Plover Vanellus spinosus
4 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; 6 Birecik Gravel Pits 15/9 (JRJ).

Little Stint Calidris minuta
10 Tuzla Golu 13/9; 1 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9.

Temminck’s Stint Calidris temminckii
Heard Goksu Delta 12/9; 1 Tuzla Golu 13/9; 1 Birecik Gavel Pits 14/9.

Red Knot Calidris canutus
2 juveniles Tuzla Golu 13/9.

Dunlin Calidris alpina
1 Goksu Delta 12/9; 3 Tuzla Golu 13/9.

Ruff Philomachus pugnax
1 Anamur 11/9; 1 Goksu Delta 12/9; 1 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9.

Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
10 Goksu Delta 12/9; 10 Birecik Grave Pits 14/9; 2 over Birecik 15/9.

Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
1 Goksu Delta 12/9 (SML).

Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
6 Goksu Delta 12/9.

Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
1 Goksu Delta 12/9.

Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
90 Tuzla Golu 13/9.

Common Redshank Tringa tetanus
6 Goksu Delta 12/9; 10 Tuzla Golu 13/9.

Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
1 Tuzla Golu 13/9.

Greenshank Tringa nebularia
4 Goksu Delta 12/9; 40 Tuzla Golu 13/9; 4 Burdur Golu 21/9.

Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
1 Anamur 11/9; 17 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9.

Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
4 Goksu Delta 12/9; 3 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9.

Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Heard Kaledran 11/9; heard Goksu Delta 12/9; 2 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; 2 Birecik 15/9; 2 Ayranci Barraji 20/9; 2 Burdur Golu 21/9; 1 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Turnstone Arenaria intepres
1 Goksu Delta 12/9; 1 Tuzla Golu 13/9.

Arctic Skua Stercorarius parasiticus
1 pale adult and 1 juvenile over the sea Tarsus Delta 17/9.

Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
4 Paradeniz Golu, Goksu Delta 12/9; uncounted Tarsus Delta 17/9; 60 Burdur Golu 21/9.

Slender-billed Gull Larus genei
81 Paradeniz Golu, Goksu Delta 12/9; 430 Tuzla Golu 13/9; 25 on the sea Tarsus Delta 17/9.

Baltic Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus fuscus
60+ beach Tarsus Delta 17/9.

Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis
6 Kahyalar 11/9; uncounted Goksu Delta 12/9; other gulls probably this species 20 Tuzla 13/9 and 9 Birecik 14/9.

Caspian Gull Larus cachinnans
2 Paradeniz Golu, Goksu Delta 12/9.

Armenian Gull Larus armenicus
2 Paradeniz Golu, Goksu Delta 12/9; 1 Tuzla Golu 13/9.

Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica
3 south over Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9.

Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia
1 Goksu Delta 12/9; 15 Tuzla Golu 13/9.

Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis
1 Paradeniz Golu, Goksu Delta 12/9; 15 over the sea Tarsus Delta 17/9.

Little Tern Sternula albifrons
2 Paradeniz Golu, Goksu Delta 12/9; 40 Tuzla Golu 13/9; 1 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; 6 Tarsus Delta 17/9.

Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus
1 Anamur 11/9; 3+ Goksu Delta 12/9; 8 Tuzla Golu 13/9; 14 Birecik Gravel Pits and Euphrates 14/9.

Black Tern Chlidonias nigra
30 Goksu Delta 12/9.

White-winged Black Tern Chlidonias leucopterus
1 Goksu Delta 12/9; 1 Tuzla Golu 13/9; 15 Birecik Gravel Pits and Euphrates 14/9.

Black-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles orientalis
11 Ayranci Barraji 20/9.

Rock Dove Columba livia
Hundreds Birecik main wadi 15/9; 50 Demikarzik Gorge 19/9. Feral birds in other areas.

Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus
4 Birecik 14/9; 10 Birecik 15/9; 2 Durnalik 15/9.

Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto
Commonly seen except none in the Demikarzik area.

Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur
10 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; 15 Birecik main wadi 15/9; 10 Tarsus Delta 17/9; 1 Ayranci Barraji 20/9; 2 Burdur Golu 21/9.

Laughing (Palm) Dove Streptopelia senegalensis
50 in south-east Adana 13/9; 2 Birecik 14/9; 2 Tarsus 17/9.

Cuckoo Cuculus canorus
3 Goksu Delta 12/9.

Little Owl Athene noctua
1 Goksu Delta 12/9; 1 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9.

European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus
1 Demikarzik chromium mine track 18/9.

Common Swift Apus apus
3 Birecik 14/9.

Alpine Swift Apus melba
1 Birecik 15/9 (SML); 3 Kamioli 17/9; 15 Demikarzik 18/9; 2 Ayranci Barraji 20/9; 20 Dalaman 22/9.

Little Swift Apus affinis
40 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9.

White-breasted Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis
1 Kaledran 11/9; 2 Anamur 11/9.

Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
2 Kaledran 11/9; 1 Anamur 11/9; 10 Goksu Delta 12/9; 2 Tuzla Creek 12/9; 2 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; 6 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis
1 Goksu Delta 12/9; 1 Tuzla Creek 13/9; 2 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9.

Bee-eater Merops apiaster
88+ Goksu Delta 12/9; 20+ Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; 10 Isikli 16/9; 100+ Demikarzik area 18/9 and 19/9; 20 Eregli 20/9; 40 Burdur Golu 21/9; 95+ Dalaman area 22/9.

Roller Coracias garrulus
2 Anamur 11/9; 7 Goksu Delta 12/9; 3 Tuzla area 13/9; 1 Eregli 20/9.

Hoopoe Upupa epops
1 Anamur 11/9; 4 Goksu Delta 12/9; 1 Birecik Gravel Pits 15/9 (JRJ); 1 Alacadag road 18/9 and 19/9; 2 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Wryneck Jynx torquilla
1 Tarsus Delta 17/9 (SML).

Green Woodpecker Picus viridis
Heard Akseki 21/9.

Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus
Heard Birecik 14/9; 1 Birecik 15/9 (SML); 3 Isikli/Durnalik 16/9; 3 Tarsus Delta 17/9; 1 Cucurbag 17/9; 2 Cucurbag area 18/9 and 19/9; 2 in transit 20/9; 2 Burdur Golu 21/9; 1 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra
85 Hotamis 20/9; 70 Burdur Golu 21/9.

Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla
20 Goksu Delta 12/9; 1 Tuzla 13/9; 2 east Tarsus Delta 17/9.

Lesser Short-toed Lark Calandrella rufescens
30 Eregli 20/9; 3 Hotamis 20/9.

Crested Lark Galerida cristata
Small numbers everywhere except Demikarzik; 10 Ayranci Barraji 20/9; 20 Burdur Golu 21/9.

Woodlark Lullula arborea
2 Kamioli 17/9; 3 Pinarbasi 19/9; 1 Burdur Golu 21/9.

Skylark Alauda arvensis
1 Hotamis 20/9 (SML).

Shorelark Eremophila alpestris
4 Demikarzik chromium mine track 18/9; 15 Alacadag road 19/9; 19 Pinarbasi 19/9; 5 Ayranci Barraji 20/9 (SML).

Sand Martin Riparia riparia
Hundreds Goksu Delta 12/9; hundreds Birecik 14/9; smaller numbers at other wetland sites.

Crag Martin Ptyonoprogne rupestris
3 Demikarzik 18/9; 4 Demikarzik Gorge 19/9; 5 Alacadag road 19/9; 1 Burdur Golu 21/9.

Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
Hundreds Goksu Delta 12/9; hundreds Tuzla area 14/9; thousands Koycegiz Golu 22/9; smaller numbers in other areas.

Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica
17+ Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

House Martin Delichon urbicum
2 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; small numbers Cucurbag 18/9 and 19/9; 2 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris
4 Goksu Delta 12/9; 1 Isikli 16/9; 1 Ayranci Barraji 20/9; 15 near Eregli 20/9; 15 Burdur Golu 21/9; 2 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis
1 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; 1 Tarsus Delta 17/9; 3 Cucurbag 17/9; 2 Cucurbag 19/9.

Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus
Heard Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9 (SML).

Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta coutellii
3 Demikarzik chromium mine track 18/9.

Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
20+ Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; 250 near Eregli 20/9; smaller numbers elsewhere. Identified forms were beema, feldegg and thunbergi.

Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola
1 female type Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; 1 moulting male Birecik Gravel Pits 15/9 (JRJ).

Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
1 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

White Wagtail Motacilla alba
15 near Eregli 20/9; small numbers at Birecik Gravel Pits, Burdur Golu, Koycegiz Golu, etc.

Yellow-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus xanthopygos
6 Kaledran and 4 in transit 11/9; 2 Goksu Delta 12/9; 4 Tuzla Creek 13/9; 1 Birecik main wadi 15/9; 10 Tarsus Delta 17/9.

Wren Troglodytes troglodytes
Heard Demikarzik Gorge 19/9; 1 Akseki 21/9; 1 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Radde’s Accentor Prunella ocularis
1 Demikarzik chromium mine 18/9.

Bluethroat Luscinia svecica
1 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9.

Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
1 Birecik main wadi 15/9; 15 Demikarzik chromium mine area 18/9; 15 Demikarzik Gorge area 19/9.

Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus
3 Durnalik 16/9; 1 Alacadag road 18/9.

Whinchat Saxicola rubetra
6 Goksu Delta 12/9; 4 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; 2 Tarsus Delta 17/9; 4 Demikarzik and 2 Alacadag road 18/9; 12 Demikarzik area 19/9; 50 near Eregli 20/9; 1 Burdur Golu 21/9; 10 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Stonechat Saxicola rubicola
2 Pinarbasi 18/9 and 19/9.

Isabelline Wheatear Oenanthe isabellina
60 Goksu Delta 12/9; 10 near Eregli 20/9; small numbers, total 20, on other dates.

Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe
3 Goksu Delta 12/9; 10 Demikarzik area 18/9 and 19/9; 40 near Eregli 20/9; small numbers, total 28, on other dates.

Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica melanoleuca
1 Goksu Delta 12/9; 10 Birecik main wadi 15/9; 4 Isikli/Durnalik 16/9; 1 Tarsus Delta 17/9; 1 Demikarzik 18/9.

Finsch’s Wheatear Oenanthe finschii
4 Pinarbasi 18/9 and 19/9.

Rufous-tailed Rock Thrush Monticola saxatilis
1 Pinarbasi 18/9.

Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius
3 Demikarzik Gorge 19/9; 2 south of Oludeniz 22/9; 1 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Blackbird Turdus merula
2 Durnalik 16/9; 1 Tarsus Delta 17/9; 2 Alacadag road 18/9; 2 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus
1 Akseki 21/9.

Cetti’s Warbler Cettia cetti
Heard Kaledran 11/9; 3 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Graceful Warbler Prinia gracilis
1 Anamur 11/9; heard Goksu Delta 12/9; 8 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; heard Birecik main wadi 15/9; 6 Tarsus Delta 17/9.

Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus
3 Kaledran 11/9; 2 Birecik ravel Pits 14/9; 1 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Great Reed Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus
2 Kaledran 11/9; 1 Goksu Delta 12/9.

Menetrie’s Warbler Sylvia mystacea
3 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; 2Birecik main wadi 15/9.

Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca
1 Buyukeceli 11/9; 2 Tarsus Delta 17/9; 2 Alacadag road 18/9.

Common Whitethroat Sylvia communis
2 Goksu Delta 12/9; 1 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; 5 Birecik main wadi 15/9; 3 Isikli/Durnalik 16/9; 4 Tarsus Delta 17/9; 3 Demikarzik area 18/9; 1 Ayranci Barraji 20/9.

Garden Warbler Sylvia borin
2 Kaledran 11/9; 1 Tarsus Delta 17/9.

Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla
2 Kaledran 11/9; 4 Birecik main wadi 15/9; 3 Isikli/Durnalik 16/9; 4 Tarsus Delta 17/9; 4 Demikarzik area 18/9.

Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
1 Cucurbag 18/9.

Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus
10 Goksu Delta 12/9; very small numbers elsewhere.

Goldcrest Regulus regulus
2 Akseki 21/9.

Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata
5 Akseki 21/9; 4 Koycegiz Golu 22/9; small numbers total 16 on other dates.

Bearded Tit Panurus biarmicus
Heard Goksu Delta 12/9.

Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus tephronotus
10 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Sombre Tit Parus lugubris
2 south of Isikli and 3 Durnalik 16/9.

Coal Tit Parus ater
30 Akseki 21/9; 2 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Great Tit Parus major
2 Kaledran 11/9; 2 Birecik main wadi 15/9; 2 Durnalik 16/9; 2 Cucurbag 17-19/9; 2 Alacadag road 18/9 and 19/9.

Kruper’s Nuthatch Sitta kruperi
20 Akseki 21/9; heard Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Eastern Rock Nuthatch Sitta tephronota
1 south of Isikli 16/9; 1 Durnalik 16/9.

Rock Nuthatch Sitta neumayer
3 south of Isikli 16/9; 1 Durnalik 16/9; 5 Alacadag road 18/9; 7 Demikarzik Gorge 19/9; 1 Ayranci Barraji 20/9; 2 Akseki 21/9; 4 Burdur Golu 21/9; 2 south of Oludeniz 22/9.

Short-toed Treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla
2 Akseki 21/9.

Penduline Tit Remiz pendulinus
3 flew east Tarsus Delta 17/9 (SML).

Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus
3 Kaledran 11/9.

Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio
Small numbers on all dates: 40 Goksu Delta 12/9; 10 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; 10 Demikarzik area 17/9 and 18/9; 12 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor
13 between Kaledran and Tasucu 11/9; 8 Goksu Delta 12/9; 2 Tuzla area 13/9; 2 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; 1 near Eregli 20/9.

Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator
1 Anamur 11/9; 2 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9.

Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus
2 near Buyukeceli 11/9; 1 Tasucu 12/9 (JRJ); 1 Tarsus Delta 17/9; 1 Ayranci Barraji 20/9 (SML).

Jay Garrulus glandarius
1 in transit 11/9; 1 Akseki 21/9; 5 south of Oludeniz 22/9; 2 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Magpie Pica pica
2 Cucurbag 17-19/9; 20+ in transit Eregli area 20/9; 20 Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Alpine Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus
4+ Demikarzik chromium mine 18/9.

Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
30 Camardi 17/9; 20+ Demikarzik area 18-19/9. Many choughs were unidentifiable.

Jackdaw Corvus monedula
40 south of Birecik 14/9.

Rook Corvus frugilegus
10 in transit Eregli area 20/9.

Hooded Crow Corvus cornix
Commonly seen in small numbers on all dates.

Raven Corvus corax
1 near Buyukeceli 11/9; 2 Goksu Delta 12/9; 25 Akseki rubbish tip 21/9; heard Koycegiz Golu 22/9.

Starling Sturnus vulgaris
Small numbers in transit Adana/Tuzla area 13/9; hundreds Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9.

House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Commonly seen on all dates.

Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolensis
4 Tuzla 13/9; 1 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9. Others may have been overlooked.

Dead Sea Sparrow Passer moabiticus
20+ Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; 60 Birecik Gravel Pits 15/9 (JRJ).

Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
Up to 9 Cucurbag 17-19/9.

Chestnut-shouldered Petronia Petronia xanthocollis
1 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9.

Rock Sparrow Petronia petronia
30 Birecik main wadi 15/9; 4 Alacadag road 19/9.

White-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis
80 Demikarzik chromium mine track 18/9.

Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
4 Camardi 17/9; 20 Alacadag road 18/9; small numbers widespread and in transit 19-22/9.

Red-fronted Serin Serinus pusillus
3 Demikarzik chromium mine track 18/9; 4 Alacadag road 19/9.

Serin Serinus serinus
3 Camardi/Cucurbag 17/9; 2 Cucurbag 18/9.

Greenfinch Carduelis chloris
Very small numbers at Tuzla 13/9, Durnalik 16/9, Ayranci Barraji 20/9 and Burdur Golu 21/9.

Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
Very small numbers in all areas except Goksu Delta and Tuzla/Adana

Linnet Carduelis cannabina
20 Cucurbag/Camardi 17/9; very small numbers Demikarzik area, Ayranci Barraji, etc.

Crossbill Loxia curvirostra
14 Akseki 21/9.

Desert Finch Rhodospiza obsoleta
50 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9.

Cirl Bunting Emberiza cirlus
3 Burdur Golu 21/9.

Rock Bunting Emberiza cia
5 Alacadag road 18/9; 2 Demikarzik Gorge 19/9.

Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana
3+ Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9; 5 Birecik Gravel Pits 15/9 (JRJ).

Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala
2 Birecik Gravel Pits 14/9.

Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra
30 Goksu Delta 12/9; 20 Cucurbag 17/9.

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